Failing to Predict the Past: Will Legal Causation Kill Tort Law in Cyberspace?

Akazaki, R. L., “Failing to Predict the Past: Will Legal Causation Kill Tort Law in Cyberspace?” in the 2017 Annual Review of Civil Litigation.  Visitors of the Gilbertson Davis LLP website now have access online to this chapter.   (Ed. by the Hon. T. Archibald.  Reproduced by permission of Thomson Reuters Canada Limited.)

“Akazaki’s paper demonstrates why our courts must adopt the principles of causation in common-law and statutory torts, to accommodate the challenges of proof facing parties seeking judicial remedies for substantial breaches from cyber torts.  His paper is a veritable tour de force and is recommended reading for all litigators.”

–  The Hon. Justice Todd Archibald, Ontario Superior Court of Justice

Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Cyber Insurance – A Canadian Perspective

Publication: Cyber Insurance: Lastest Developments in 2016
Date:  March 2016
Area of Focus: Cyber Insurance / Insurance Defence
Author: John L. Davis & Robert Kalanda


U.S. Defendants: Sued in Ontario, Canada? So You Want Out, Eh? Challenging Jurisdiction

Publication: DRI International, the Newsletter of the DRI International Committee
Date:  June, 2015
Area of Focus: Cross-Border Litigation and Jurisdictional Challenges
Author: David Alderson & Andrew Ottaway


Reading Commercial Liability Insurance Policies (like you’ve never read them before)

Publication: Presented to the Canadian Bar Association Yukon Branch
Date:  July 2011 (updated December 2011)
Area of Focus: Commercial Liability Insurance Policies
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Subrogation: Allocation of Recoveries & Expenses in Property Subrogation Cases – Legal, Ethical & Practical Considerations

Publication: Canadian Defence Lawyers “Words Are Important” 7th Annual Insurance Symposium
Date: March 2011
Area of Focus: Subrogation
Author: John L. Davis
Note: If you are interested in this article and its subject matter, please contact John Davis


Undercovered: How the courts are dealing with exclusion clauses in liability policies

Publication: Canadian Insurance Top Broker
Date: January 2011
Area of Focus: Insurance
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Oral Report to the Ontario Bar Association Council

Publication: Ontario Bar Association Council
Date: March, 2010
Area of Focus: OBA
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Strategies for Working with the “New” Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: February, 2010
Area of Focus: The 2010 Amendments to the Rules of Civil Procedure
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Previous Publications

Personal Injury Litigation in 2010: Would you like fries with your order?

Publication: The Lawyers Weekly
Date: May, 2009
Area of Focus: Civil Procedure
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Succeeding In Subrogation: Winning Strategies For Stepping Into The Insured’s Shoes

Publication: Canadian Institute’s 8th Annual Conference on Insurance Coverage Disputes
Date: June 2008
Area of Focus: Subrogation
Author: John L. Davis
Note: If you are interested in this article and its subject matter, please contact John Davis


Report of the Ontario Civil Justice Reform Project: First Impressions that Last

Publication: OBA Briefly Speaking
Date: January, 2008
Area of Focus: Civil Procedure
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


The Perils of “Litigation Guardians” under the Limitations Act, 2002

Publication: OBA Civil Litigation Section, Vol. 15, No. 3
Date: Spring, 2007
Area of Focus: Litigation Guardians; Limitations
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Unconscionable Delay of Civil Justice: Is it also Unconstitutional?

Publication: Advocates Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 3
Date: February, 2007
Area of Focus: Constitutional Law
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Peering over the Plaintiffs and Defendants’ Parapets: Redesigning Ontario Rule 49 to Encourage Meaningful Offers of Settlement

Publication: The Advocates’ Quarterly
Date: October, 2005
Area of Focus: Offers To Settle
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


1% Liability: Fact or Fiction of Apportionment in Tort Law?

Publication: The Advocates’ Quarterly
Date: May, 2005
Area of Focus: Apportionment in Tort Law
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Owusu v. Lloyds: Using Arbitration to Turn the Tables on Accident Benefits Fraud

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: October, 2003
Area of Focus: Fraud and Arbitration
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Effective Examination under Oath under the New Section 33 of the SABS

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: September, 2003
Area of Focus: SABS Examinations under Oath
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


The Duty to Defend Innocent Family Members from Domestic Tort Claims: Arbitrary Patchwork or Uniform Principle?

Publication: Insight CLE
Date: May, 2002
Area of Focus: Duty to Defend
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Watching the Detectives: the Statutory Authority Of the Fire Marshal, the TSSA and the ESA

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: November, 2001
Area of Focus: Evidence Preservation
Author: R. Lee Akazaki

Leave It Here at Your Own Peril: The Baffling Meaning of “Care, Custody or Control” in CGL Policies

Publication: Official Journal of the Ontario Insurance Adjusters Association
Date: January, 2001
Area of Focus: Commercial General Liability, “Care, Custody or Control”
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Walking through the New Errors and Omissions Minefield in Medical Malpractice Litigation

Publication: Advocates’ Quarterly
Date: December, 1999
Area of Focus: Errors and Omissions
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Spotting the Opportunists: How Y2K Will Take Us Back to Basics in Countering Insurance Fraud

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: September 1999
Area of Focus: Fraud
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


“Wrongful Birth”: An Ironic Name for a Cause of Action in the Law of Medical Malpractice

Publication: The Advocates’ Quarterly
Date: September, 1999
Area of Focus: Medical Malpractice
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Ryan v. Victoria (City):Keep A Look-Out, Even if You Don’t Run the Railway.

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: June, 1999
Area of Focus: Common Law Privileges and Minimum Regulatory Standards
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Nostradamus’ Strategy For Millennium Bug Litigation: “I Told You So.”

Publication: Without Prejudice
Date: April, 1999
Area of Focus: Technology Law
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Medical Malpractice in Crisis

Publication: The Advocates’ Quarterly
Date: February, 1999
Area of Focus: Medical Malpractice
Author: R. Lee Akazaki


Illegal Imports into Canada: Is There Coverage for Subsequent Losses?

Publication: Canadian Independent Adjuster
Date: December, 1995
Area of Focus: Coverage
Author: Angela Emerson


Does the Wrong-doing of One Affect the Rights of All?

Publication: Focus on Property and General Liability Insurance, Volume 1, No. 4
Date: November, 1995
Area of Focus: Multiple Assureds
Author: Angela Emerson


Co-Insurance Definitions, Purpose and Applications

Publication: Canadian Independent Adjuster
Date: June, 1995
Area of Focus: Co-Insurance
Author: John L. Davis


Defences of Misrepresentation and Nondisclosure

Publication: Canadian Independent Adjuster
Date: June, 1994
Area of Focus: Misrepresentation and Nondisclosure
Author: Angela Emerson and Larry Gilbertson


ABC’S of Policy Interpretation

Publication: Canadian Institute
Date: May, 1994
Area of Focus: Policy Interpretation
Author: John L. Davis and Larry Gilbertson